There are many types of wood – hardwood and softwood categories. However, they are not created equal regarding thickness, diameter and hardness. That is why there are wood species that are a challenge to work with, and they must be avoided. Woods also have different characteristics, which are essential to consider. For example, some woods are stringy, and others are tough. To give you a better idea and when picking the right type of wood for splitting, you must keep reading.
What Woods to Avoid for Log Splitting?
There are tree species, which are easy to split, are oaks, hard maple and ash. On the other hand, log with interlocking grain, including sycamore, gum and elm must be avoided. They’re hard to split even when using a log splitter. Also, green wood is easy to break than dry wood is. Softwoods, on the other hand, are considerably easier to split than many hardwoods are.
What Woods Burn Best?
It is decided on the heating potential of the wood, which relies on the increased wood density. You can easily find out by determining the tree species. For example, heavy and dense woods usually possess high heating values regarding BTUs (British thermal units) per unit volume versus lighter wood species.
What is British thermal unit? It’s a measure of the heat amount required in raising the temperature of a pound of water 1 degree Fahrenheit. For example, air-dried wood can produce almost 7000 BTUs/lb. All woods have the same value regardless of the species.
To illustrate, a unit of oak can produce almost the same heat as two units of cottonwood in terms of BTU. However, it also means that a greater volume of lighter wood specie is required to emit the same heat as what a hardwood like oak can produce.
|Log Diameter||Minimum Force|
|6-Inch (Seasoned)||4 Ton|
|12-Inch (Seasoned)||7 Ton|
|12-Inch (Green)||16 Ton|
|24-Inch (Seasoned)||20 Ton|
|24-Inch (Green)||30+ Ton|
How to Choose the Wood for Log Splitting?
- White or red oak can burn at a high heat level. They are less easily to be burned than other firewood, such as white ash. They don’t emit as much spark and smoke. However, they are not easy to split. But if you’re looking for excellent firewood, oak is a great choice.
- Hard maple and hickory are easy to burn when under high heat levels. Hickory, for instance, is the hottest burning among the most common choices for firewood. However, maple and hickory are both hard to split.
- Beech is another top choice for its high heating levels, as it does not also give out much spark and smoke. It is easier to split than oak, although it’s not burning easily. The wood is also recommended for firewood.
- Birch can burn from a medium to high heat level and does not easily burn. The wood specie is easy to split and it is an excellent choice for firewood because it does not create much spark and smoke.
- A white ash and black ash can burn from a medium to a high heat, and it is easily burned. They do not give much smoke and spark. For splitting, they are easy to split, and you may want to select it for firewood too.
- Southern yellow pine: While it emits sparks and smoke, pine is good firewood, which is easy to split and burns are different heat levels.
- Redwood and cypress are excellent fuel sources. They burn at medium heat levels and are easy to burn.
- Cedar: It burns even at low heat and is easy to burn. While they emit some serious smoke and sparks, they won’t give you a hard time splitting.
- Larch or tamarack: Either can burn at medium heat levels. They are easy to split and burn. However, both can emit some spark and smoke. They are not the best softwoods for splitting, but they can also be fair sources of fuel if they’re what are available in your area.
Splitting wood isn’t easy, but choosing the right wood for the task can help. Start finding the right logs for splitting from the above and keep the firewood burning! For the best results, you may want to pick the right log splitter for the job based on the type or specie of wood you’re cutting. Hope you picked useful information on how to select the right wood for splitting.
Did you like this article? Share it on Facebook today!