No matter the type of log splitter that you want to buy – manual, hydraulic, electric or gas-operated, know which log splitter size you need. Otherwise, you’ll put yourself in trouble for not being able to split large chunks of wood with a large diameter when it’s the task on hand.
While a log splitter works more efficiently than an axe, which requires much muscle power, it won’t give you the best results if you’re buying the wrong size. So to answer the question, “Which log splitter size do I need,” we’ve prepared a short guide for you.
How to Pick the Log Splitter Size?
1. Know the kind of wood you’re splitting
There are many wood species. Each has its thickness and hardness level. For example, a 1350-lb of pressure is what you need to break an oak wood based on its hardness.
2. Determine the wood size
Just like the different hardness of wood species, they also have different diameters. Measure the branch diameter you want to split. It will help you identify the pressure amount to apply to split the wood. For instance, you will need a sturdy 35-ton log splitter if you’re cutting oak tree wood with thickness range from 24 to 36 inches. That is if you want to do the job right – and fast.
3. Know how much green is the wood you’re splitting
This factor is one of the essential determinants of the splitter tonnage or size you need. You must know how green or seasoned the wood is when deciding. Remember that the wetter and greener the limbs are, the harder they will be to split, cut – and burn. The same condition applies when breaking a freshly fallen tree. Such will require an addition of at least 10 tons to perform the job right.
4. Check on the tonnage
The tonnage is the RAM’s force amount that the machine will release or exert while splitting the wood. In that case, you may want to get a splitter with a higher rating to cut large loads. With it, there is a harder force amount to push through even bigger logs. In short, there is less force for a lower tonnage machine.
Always remember that the tonnage or pressure amount that the log splitter can exert matters regarding finishing the job with ease and in shorter the time.
An example: An electric splitter with up to six tons might only be able to handle logs with up to 12 inches in diameter. The problem is that most woods come with a larger diameter. (Tractor Supply)
On the other hand, some logs, no matter the diameter is just hard to split. A few examples include twisted grain patterns, gnarled wood and y-section. They all require higher tonnage rating. That is why for a more challenging task, experts recommend gas log splitter with a hydraulic system, which can exert more force for required tonnage.
What is tonnage? It’s the force measurement that the splitter’s RAM can exert on the log while it’s splitting it. Remember that the harder that it will push on the log if it has a higher tonnage. So if you’re cutting large chunks of wood, then you may want to choose more powerful log splitters with higher RAM power. Finally, low-tonnage or smaller sized splitters often come with an electric engine. They have lower energy needs, but may not be suitable for more demanding tasks. For more challenging wood splitting tasks, you may want to go for gas-powered machines that can also be used outdoors.
Which Tonnage Or Log Splitter Size Do I Need? More Tips
Just as said, it depends on the type and size of the firewood you’re often working on. You must carefully consider if you’re splitting fresh or seasoned wood. You will need more force to cut freshly broken branches versus seasoned timber.
Maple, oak and other types of hardwood also require more force than pine and other softwoods. So when choosing the splitter size, you must always consider the kinds of wood you’re splitting.
Consider the log diameter and length that the machine accepts to find out the work amount you have to put in to finish the job on hand.
You must also check on the cycle time, aside from tonnage. Opt for one that won’t quickly tire out and with a faster cycle time to split more wood in less time. (Northline Express)
|Log Diameter||Minimum Force|
|6-Inch (Seasoned)||4 Ton|
|12-Inch (Seasoned)||7 Ton|
|12-Inch (Green)||16 Ton|
|24-Inch (Seasoned)||20 Ton|
|24-Inch (Green)||30+ Ton|
So when determining the size of the log splitter you need, consider the above factors. Always remember that the tons of pressure required in the machine’s performance relates to the condition, type and size of the wood you’d be splitting. In that case, pick a tool with a higher tonnage if you’re cutting wood with a larger diameter. Also, you will need a higher tonnage pressure to split a denser and thicker wood, such as walnut and oak. Finally, pick a log splitter with the ability to break the most massive logs for the best results.